In Italy there are 4 mandatory vaccines at present:
- Tetanus (starting from 2-3 months, 3 doses before the 12th months, plus recalls)
- Poliomyelitis (starting from 2-3 months, 3 doses before the 12th months, plus recalls)
- Hep B (starting from 2-3 months, 3 doses before the 12th months, plus recalls)
- Diphtheria (starting from 2-3 months, 3 doses before the 12th months, plus recalls)
The first three doses alone are mandatory, at 2-3, 4-6 and 11 months (infant’s age). Some local health authorities consider mandatory the polio booster at 5/6 years of age, yet the law is not clear; we suggest to consider it mandatory and recommend to take every necessary step to defend your belief. Vaccines are requested also in case of sporting competitions and rugby teams usually require a tetanus shot. For some working categories they require a tetanus shot and/or the HepB.
Exemptions are accepted for medical reasons only, yet it just becomes an option when health authorities recognize an adverse event from a previous vaccination. It is otherwise possible an active objection.
A presumed “drop in vaccination coverage” is a myth that Italian public health authorities wave to both terrify the general population and justify a new PNPV, which has largely been opposed by those health professionals who still retain honesty and scientific dignity. 2 Italian regions (Emilia Romagna and Veneto plus the city of Trieste of Friuli Venezia Giulia) have now laws to bar babies from attending nurseries and kindergatens (both public and private) if they haven’t received all their shots, which often becomes a number of vaccines far beyond the 4 mandatory in Italy. This new trend in the Italian vaccination policy is going to raise the number of paediatric mandatory vaccines to all those included in the 2017/’19 PNPV, i.e. 15 vaccines per 1 to 6 doses each.
EFVV organisations in Italy: